Rome, the eternal city, is literally eternal. It has endured for over 2,700 years, with an ambiance like no other. Embedded in centuries of history and culture, it is Italy’s capital and largest city, offering far too much to see in one visit. In this city a phenomenal concentration of history, legend, and monuments coexists with an equally phenomenal concentration of people busily going about their everyday life. Here the ancient world is integrated with the modern. The Roman Forum and the Pantheon rub shoulders with Baroque palazzos, and Renaissance villas sit alongside the modernism of Mussolini’s redesign of the capital, and you can drive along a busy Roman street and see the Coliseum rearing up in front of you.
Rome (Roma) means history: Etruscan tombs, Republican meeting rooms, imperial temples, early Christian churches, medieval bell towers, Renaissance palaces, and baroque basilicas. As you stroll through this remarkable city you are walking in the footsteps of the Caesars, St. Peter, Charlemagne, the Popes, and Michelangelo!
And amidst all this history, a modern city lives, breathes, and buzzes with life. Rome boasts terrific restaurants, pizzerias, trattorias, bars, and clubs. See the art and architecture of the ages, shop for the latest fashions, or sit in a sidewalk cafe’ and drink in the atmosphere. There are chic designer stores, traditional street markets and, blessedly unchanged areas such as Trastevere, where you can do as the natives do, visit the old shops and trattorias popular with the locals.
What to see? Rome is a city that will keep you busy and entertained at all times. For those who are interested in art, music, history, and religion, there are few cities in the world that offer more. You could spend a year in Rome and not see everything, but there are some sights you don’t want to miss.
London is a leading global city, with strengths in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, media, tourism and transport all contributing to its outstanding reputation. It is one of the world’s leading financial centres and has the fifth- or sixth-largest metropolitan area GDP in the world depending on measurement. London has been described as a world cultural capital, being the world’s most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and the world’s largest city airport system as measured by passenger traffic. London’s 43 universities form the largest concentration of higher education in Europe and has one of the most diverse range of peoples and cultures, with more than 300 languages spoken within its boundaries.
London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London; Kew Gardens; the site comprising the Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey, and St Margaret’s Church; and the historic settlement of Greenwich (in which the Royal Observatory marks the Prime Meridian, 0° longitude, and GMT). Other famous landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul’s Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square, and The Shard. London is home to numerous museums, galleries, libraries, sporting events and other cultural institutions, including the British Museum, National Gallery, Tate Modern, British Library and 40 West End theatres. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world.